A Nonprofit Corporation
As Amended and Restated effective August 30, 2022
ARTICLE I – OFFICES
1.1. Principal Office. The principal office of the Club shall be located at Charlotte, North Carolina, or at such other place as may be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors.
1.2. Registered Office. The registered office of the Club required by law to be maintained in the State of North Carolina may be, but need not be, identical with the principal office.
ARTICLE II – BOARD OF DIRECTORS
2.1. General Powers. The business and affairs of the Club shall be managed by its Board of Directors or by such Committees as the Board may establish pursuant to these Bylaws.
2.2. Number, Term and Qualifications. The number of Directors of the Club shall be five and shall be held by the President, President-elect, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer. Directors shall be elected in accordance with Section 2.3 of these Bylaws and each Director shall hold office for the elected term or until his or her death, resignation, retirement, removal, disqualification or until a successor shall have been elected or qualified. Directors need not be residents of the State of North Carolina. The Past President shall serve on the Board in an ex-officio non-voting capacity without the necessity of election.
2.3. Election of Directors. Directors shall be elected at the annual or substitute annual meeting of the dues-paying Members by majority vote of the dues-paying Members present for a term of one year. A vacancy occurring in the Board of Directors may be filled by a majority vote of the remaining Directors, even less than a quorum. Any directorship to be filled by reason of an increase in the number of Directors may likewise be filled by the Board of Directors. Directors may be nominated to serve and if re-elected, may serve a successive one year term in the same officer position. If directors only desire to serve one year in their officer position on the board, they shall notify the Nominating Committee by mid-year of their year of service.
2.4. Removal. Any Director may be removed from office at any time with cause. If any Director is so removed, a new Director may be elected at the same meeting.
2.5. Executive Committee. The Board of Directors, by resolution adopted by a majority of the total number of directors then in office, may designate an Executive Committee and one or more other committees, each to consist of two or more directors, which committees, to the extent provided in such resolution, shall have and may exercise the authority of the Board of Directors in the management of the Club except as expressly prohibited by law.
2.6. Advisory Board. Each year, the Board of Directors shall establish an Advisory Board consisting of all members of the Standing Committees and such at-large members as the Board may choose to appoint, including any club member or any non-club members who are distinguished writers and other distinguished persons from business and industry and other community and regional leaders, and the Board shall meet with the Advisory Board from time to time during the year as determined by the Board to advise, guide and promote the club’s activities and services to the community.
2.7. Historian. The President may nominate and the Board may appoint a Historian, for an indefinite term, terminable, however, at the request of either the Historian or the Board. The Historian shall be in charge of and maintain custody of the historical records such as scrapbooks and other records of the Club, and add to those records from time to time so as to preserve for posterity the activities and traditions of the Club. The Historian shall make a report to the Board from time to time relative to the availability of records, which shall be made accessible to the officers, the Directors and the General Membership. The Board shall arrange with the Historian periodically for scrapbooks and other records available for special purposes or at specified meetings or other special events. The Historian shall be an ex officio member of the Board.
2.8. Standing Committees. Each year, the Board shall establish standing committees on the Advisory Board and shall appoint chairs or co-chairs for those committees to which it shall delegate specific duties and responsibilities in carrying out certain activities, purposes and activities of the Club. Each such standing committee may be chaired or co-chaired by a director of the Club along with an appointed member of the Advisory Board or may be chaired or co-chaired by one or more appointed members of the Advisory Board with liaison support from a director of the Club. Such committees may include but shall not be limited to a Program Committee, a Contest Committee, a Newsletter Committee, a Budget and Finance Committee, a Workshop Committee, a Conference Committee, a Social Committee, a Nominating Committee, a Membership Committee, a Reception Committee, Public Relations and Publicity Committee. Upon the establishment of any such committee, the Board of Directors shall define in writing in Policies and Procedures the scope of its duties and responsibilities, and any rules and regulations applicable thereto, which may be modified from time to time in writing by the Board of Directors. Committee members shall be appointed to one or two year terms as agreed to by the Board and the appointed member and may serve successive terms at the pleasure of the Board. Committee members also may serve on more than one committee.
2.9. Ad Hoc Committees. The Board of Directors may establish from time to time other and additional special committees for special limited purposes, whereupon the membership, function and purposes of such committees shall be reduced to writing and recorded in the minutes of the meeting or meetings at which such action is taken.
2.10 Nominating Committee. The Nominating Committee shall consist of one officer who is a member of the Board plus up to two members of the Advisory Board appointed by the Board. Members of the Nominating Committee may also serve in other positions. The Nominating Committee shall be responsible for recruiting and recommending to the Board a slate of officers to be elected by the membership at the annual meeting of the members, and also, for recruiting and recommending to the Board the chairs and co-chairs for standing committees and for any at-large members the Board chooses to appoint to the Advisory Board.
ARTICLE III – MEETINGS OF DIRECTORS
3.1. Regular Meetings. Regular meetings of the Board of Directors shall be held not less than four times each year at a time and place designated on the notice of meeting, which may be in person or by telephone or video conference. The last regular meeting held in any meeting year shall be considered the annual meeting of the Board of Directors.
3.2. Special Meetings. Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by or at the request of the President or any two Directors. Such a meeting may be held either within or without the State of North Carolina, as fixed by the person or persons calling the meeting.
3.3. Notice of Meetings. Notice of a regular meeting of the Board of Directors, or any special meeting of the Board of Directors, shall be given at least three days before the meeting by any usual means of communication, which may include email. Except as provided in Section 9.4 hereof, such notice need not specify the purpose for which the meeting is called.
3.4. Wavier of Notice. Any Director may waive notice of any meeting. The attendance by a Director at a meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice of such meeting, except where a director attends the meeting for the express purpose of objecting to the transaction of any business because the meeting was not lawfully called and convened.
3.5. Quorum. Three members (3 of 5) of the board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of the Board of Directors.
3.6. Manner of Acting. Except as otherwise provided in these Bylaws the act of the majority of the Directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may vote on matters via email between regular meetings, with a majority vote consisting of at least three (3) Directors.
3.7. Presumption of Assent. A Director of the Club who is present at a meeting of the Board of Directors at which action on any corporate matter is taken shall be presumed to have assented to the action taken unless a contrary vote is recorded or a dissent is otherwise entered in the minutes of the meeting or unless he or she shall file a written dissent to such action with the person acting as the Secretary of the Club immediately after the adjournment of the meeting. Such right to dissent shall not apply to a Director who voted in favor of such action.
3.8. Informal Action. Action taken by a majority of the directors or members of a committee without a meeting is nevertheless Board or committee action if written consent to the action in question is made by the majority of the director or members of the committee, as the case may be, and filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the Board or committee, whether done before or after the action is taken.
ARTICLE IV – OFFICERS
4.1. Number. The officers of the Club shall consist of a President, a President-elect, a Vice President, a Secretary, and a Treasurer and such Assistant Secretaries, Assistant Treasurers and other officers as the Board of Directors may from time to time elect who shall not be members of the Board. Any two or more offices may be held by the same person except the offices of President and Secretary. The Vice-president shall be Vice President of Membership, unless otherwise determined from time to time by vote of the Board.
4.2. Qualification. The President, President-elect, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer shall be members of the Board of Directors of the Club. Any Assistant Secretaries or any Assistant Treasurers shall not be members of the Board of Directors of the Club.
4.3. Election and Term. The officers of the Club shall be elected at the annual meeting of the dues-paying Members for a term of one year beginning on the date of their election. Each officer shall hold office until his or her death, resignation, retirement, removal, disqualification, or until a successor shall have been elected or qualified. Officers may be nominated to serve and if re-elected, may serve a successive one year term in the same position. If officers only desire to serve one year in their officer position, they shall notify the Nominating Committee by mid-year of their year of service.
4.4. Resignation and Vacancies. Any officer may resign at any time and such resignation may be accepted by the Board of Directors. Any officer may be removed by the Board of Directors for cause, but if an officer so removed so requests in writing, there shall be an opportunity for a hearing at any regular or special meeting of the Regular Membership called for such purpose, and the issue shall be determined by majority vote of the Regular Members at attendance at the meeting, provided there is a quorum present at such meeting. A vacancy in any office because of death, resignation, retirement, removal, disqualification, or otherwise may be filled by the Board of Directors for the unexpired portion of the term.
4.5. Chairman of the Board. The President shall serve as the Chairman of the Board.
4.6. President. The President shall be the principal executive officer of the Club and, subject to the control of the Board of Directors, shall in general supervise and control all of the business and affairs of the Club. The President shall sign, with the Secretary, an Assistant Secretary, or any other proper officer of the Club thereunto authorized by the Board of Directors, any deeds, mortgages, leases, bonds, contracts, or other instrument which the Board of Directors has authorized to be executed, except in cases where the signing and execution thereof shall be expressly delegated by the Board of Directors or by these bylaws to another officer or agent of the Club; and in general the President shall perform all duties incident to the office and such other duties as may be prescribed by the Board of Directors from time to time. It is presumed that the office of President will be filled by a member who has served as an officer or as an Advisory Board member, but any club member is eligible to be nominated and elected to be President.
4.7. President-elect and Vice President. In the absence of the President or in the event of his or her death, inability or refusal to act, the President-elect or Vice President, in the order determined by the Board of Directors, shall perform the duties of the President, and when so acting shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the President.
4.8. Secretary. The Secretary shall keep accurate records of the acts and proceedings of all the meetings of the Board of Directors. The Secretary shall give, or cause to be given, all notices required by law and by these bylaws. The Secretary shall have general charge of the corporate books and records and of the corporate seal, and the Secretary shall affix the corporate seal to any lawfully executed instrument requiring it. The Secretary shall, in general, perform all duties incident to the office of Secretary.
4.9. Treasurer. The Treasurer shall have custody of all funds and securities belonging to the Club and shall receive, deposit or disburse the same under the direction of the Board of Directors. The Treasurer shall keep full and accurate accounts of the finances of the Club and shall generally perform all other duties incident to the office of the Treasurer. The Treasurer shall develop a preliminary annual budget for consideration, revision and/or adoption by the Board of Directors. The Treasurer also shall develop and provide to the Board a financial report each quarter regarding the status of actual income and expenses in comparison with the adopted annual budget.
4.10. Assistant Secretaries and Assistant Treasurers. The Assistant Secretaries and Assistant Treasurers, if any, shall, in the absence or disability of the Secretary and the Treasurer, respectively, have all the powers and duties of the Secretary and the Treasurer respectively. Such duties may also be performed by such assistant or assistants under other circumstances at the request of the Secretary or the Treasurer, the President, or the Board.
ARTICLE V – MEMBERS
5.1. Classes of Members. The Club shall have at least three classes of members. The designation of such classes and the qualification and rights of the members of such classes shall be as follows:
5.2. Voting Rights. Each dues-paying Member shall be entitled to one vote on each matter submitted by a vote of the members. One or more individuals who pay the annual dues for a joint membership shall be entitled to only one vote per membership and shall be treated as one member for all purposes under these bylaws.
5.3. Transfer of Membership. Membership in the Club is not transferable or assignable.
5.4. Membership Sections. The Board of Directors may establish sections of dues-paying Membership according to writing specialty. The designation of such sections and the qualifications and rights of the members of such sections shall be determined by the Board of Directors.
ARTICLE VI – MEETINGS OF MEMBERS
6.1. Place of Meetings. All meetings of members shall be held at the principal office of the Club or at such other place, within or without the State of North Carolina, as shall be designated in the notice of the meeting.
6.2. Regular Meetings. Unless otherwise ordered by the Board of Directors, regular meetings shall be held during the months of September, October, November, December, January, February, March, April and May of each fiscal year. The day shall be announced in advance in the newsletter on a regular basis to avoid any possible confusion as to the date on which regular meetings are held.
6.3. Annual Meetings. The regular May meeting shall be deemed to be the Annual Meeting of the Members unless otherwise ordered by the Board of Directors and such annual meeting of members shall be held each year at such place and time as the Board of Directors shall designate, for the purpose of electing Directors and Officers of the Club and for the transaction of such other business as may be properly brought before the meeting.
6.4. Substitute Annual Meetings. If the annual meeting of members shall not be held on the day provided for in these bylaws, a substitute annual meeting may be called in accordance with the provisions of Section 6.5 of this Article. A meeting so called shall be designated and treated for all purposes as the annual meeting of members.
6.5. Special Meetings. Special meetings of the members may be called at any time by the President, by the Board of Directors or by dues-paying Members having one-tenth of the votes entitled to be cast at such meeting.
6.6. Notice of Meetings. As long as the meetings are announced in the newsletter, members shall be deemed to have received notice of such meeting. Nonetheless, each newsletter shall keep members informed about any changes in times, dates and places of meetings, in due course. Notice of special meetings stating the place, day and hour of the meeting that are called without sufficient time to be included in the newsletter shall be emailed not less than 10 days before the date thereof at the direction of the President, the Secretary or other person calling the meeting, to each member entitled to vote at such meeting.
In the case of a special meeting, the notice of meeting shall specifically state the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called. In the case of an annual or substitute annual meeting, the notice of meeting need not specifically state the business to be transacted thereat unless such statement is expressly required by the provisions of these Bylaws or the North Carolina Nonprofit Corporation Act.
When a meeting is adjourned for 30 days or more, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given as in the case of an original meeting. When a meeting is adjourned for less than 3 days in any one adjournment, it is not necessary to give any notice of the adjourned meeting other than by announcement at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken.
6.7. Quorum. One-tenth of the number of dues-paying Members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meetings of the members. If a quorum is not present at any meeting of the members, a majority of members present may adjourn the meeting from time to time without further notice. At any adjourned meeting at which a quorum is present, any business may be transacted which might have been transacted at the original meeting.
6.8. Proxies. At any meeting of the members, a member entitled to vote may vote by proxy executed in writing by the member or his duly authorized attorney-in-fact. No proxy shall be valid after 11 months from the date of its execution, unless otherwise provided in the proxy.
ARTICLE VII – DUES
7.1 Annual Dues. The amount of the initiation fee, if any, and annual dues payable to the Club by members shall be approved by majority vote of the Board.
7.2. Payment of Dues. Dues shall be payable annually by the date set by the Board.
7.3. Default and Termination of Membership. When any member shall be in default in the payment of dues for a period of two months from the date when such dues became payable, his or her membership shall terminate.
ARTICLE VIII – CONTRACTS, LOANS, CHECKS AND DEPOSITS
8.1. Contracts. The Board of Directors may authorize any officer or officers, agent or agents, to enter into any contract or execute and deliver any instrument in the name of and on behalf of the Club, and such authority may be general or confined to specific instances.
8.2. Loans. No loans shall be contracted on behalf of the Club and no evidence of indebtedness shall be issued in its name unless authorized by a resolution of the Board of Directors. Such authority may be general or confined to specific instances.
8.3. Checks and Drafts. All checks, drafts and other orders for the payment of money issued in the name of the Club shall be signed by such officer or officers, agent or agents of the Club and in such manner as shall from time to time be determined by resolution of the Board of Directors.
8.4. Deposits. All funds of the Club not otherwise employed shall be deposited from time to time to the credit of the Club in such depositories as the Board of Directors may select.
8.5. Budget. The Board of Directors shall adopt an annual budget for each fiscal year. The budget shall identify intended income and expenses for the respective fiscal year. The adoption of an annual budget requires a majority vote of the Directors present within a quorum at the time of the vote. The annual budget also may be revised at any time during the fiscal year by a majority vote of the Directors present within a quorum at the time of the vote.
ARTICLE XI – GENERAL PROVISIONS
9.1. Seal. The corporate seal of the Club shall consist of two concentric circles between which the name of the Club, and in the center of which is inscribed SEAL, N.C. and 1994; and such seal, as impressed on the margin thereof, is hereby adopted as the corporate seal of the Club.
9.2. Waiver of Notice. Whenever any notice is required under the provisions of the North Carolina Nonprofit Corporation Act, or under the provisions of the Article of Incorporation or by the Bylaws of the Club, a waiver thereof in writing signed by the person or persons entitled to such notice, whether before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent to the giving of such notice.
9.3 Fiscal Year. Unless otherwise ordered by the Board of Directors, the fiscal year of the Club shall be July 1 through June 30.
9.4. Amendments. These Bylaws may be amended, restated or repealed and new bylaws may be adopted by the affirmative vote of a majority of the directors then holding office at any regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors; provided, however, that the Board of Directors shall have received notice of said meeting specifying the purpose thereof.
9.5. Indemnification of Directors and Officers. Each director, officer, employee or agent of the Club shall be entitled to indemnification or reimbursement by the Club for any expenses or liabilities incurred by him or her under the circumstances permitting such indemnification or reimbursement under the North Carolina Nonprofit Corporation Act and subject to the conditions and limitations on such indemnifications or reimbursements set forth in said Nonprofit Corporation Act. The Board of Directors may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the Club against liability asserted against him or her and incurred by him or her in any such capacity, or arising out of his status as such, whether or not the Club would have the power to indemnify him or her against such liability.
9.6. Severability. If any provision of these Bylaws or its application to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, the invalidity shall not affect any other provisions or application of these Bylaws that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and, to this end, the provisions of these Bylaws are severable.
9.7. The Charlotte Writers Club was founded in 1922 for the purpose of helping writers develop their craft. Over the subsequent century, the Club has remained true to that purpose by coordinating critique groups, sponsoring workshops and contests, and offering regular meetings featuring speakers whose talks focus on the craft of writing. The programs the Club funds are consistent with those ends.